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Reading for Today: Exodus 7:1–8:32


Reading for Today:

Exodus 7:1–8:32
Psalm 17:1-7
Proverbs 5:15-20
Matthew 19:1-30
Notes:

Exodus 7:11 magicians. Magic and sorcery played a major role in the pantheistic religion of Egypt. Its ancient documents record the activities of the magicians, one of the most prominent being the charming of serpents. These men were also styled “wise men” and “sorcerers,” i.e., the learned men of the day and the religious, as well (the word for sorcery being derived from a word meaning “to offer prayers”). Two of these men were named Jannes and Jambres (see 2 Tim. 3:8). Any supernatural power came from Satan (see 2 Cor. 11:13–15). enchantments. By means of their “secret arts” or “witchcraft,” the wise men, sorcerers, and magicians demonstrated their abilities to perform a similar feat. Whether by optical illusion, sleight of hand, or learned physical manipulation of a snake, all sufficiently skillful enough to totally fool Pharaoh and his servants, or by evil supernaturalism, the evaluation given in the inspired record is simply “they also did in like manner.” However, the turning of rods into snakes and later turning water into blood (7:22) and calling forth frogs (8:7) were not the same as trying to create lice from inanimate dust (8:18–19). At that point, the magicians had no option but to confess their failure.

Proverbs 5:15–19 Using the imagery of water, the joy of a faithful marriage is contrasted with the disaster of infidelity (vv. 9–14). “Cistern” and “well” refer to the wife from whom the husband is to draw all his satisfying refreshment, sexually and affectionately (v. 19; see 9:17, 18; Song 4:9–11).

Matthew 19:7 Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce…? The Pharisees misrepresented Deuteronomy 24:1–4. It was not a “command” for divorce, but a limitation on remarriage in the event of a divorce. While recognizing the legitimacy of divorce when a man “has found some uncleanness” (Deut. 24:1) in his wife (sexual sin, by Jesus’ interpretation in v. 9), Moses did not “command” divorce.

Matthew 19:21 go, sell what you have and give to the poor. Again, Jesus was not setting forth terms for salvation, but rather exposing the young man’s true heart. His refusal to obey here revealed two things: 1) he was not blameless as far as the law was concerned, because he was guilty of loving himself and his possessions more than his neighbors (see v. 19); and 2) he lacked true faith, which involves a willingness to surrender all at Christ’s bidding (16:24). Jesus was not teaching salvation by philanthropy; but He was demanding that this young man give Him first place. The young man failed the test (v. 22). come, follow Me. This was the answer to the young man’s question in v. 16. It was a call to faith. It is likely that the young man never even heard or contemplated it, though, because his own love of his possessions was such a stumbling block that he had already rejected Jesus’ claim to lordship over his life. Thus he walked away in unbelief.

DAY 29: Describe the ten plagues on Egypt.

The Plague

Egyptian Deity

The Effect

1. Blood (7:20)

Hapi

Pharaoh hardened (7:22)

2. Frogs (8:6)

Heqt

Pharaoh begs relief, promises freedom (8:8),

but is hardened (8:15)

3. Lice (8:17)

Hathor, Nut

Pharaoh hardened (8:19)

4. Flies (8:24)

Shu, Isis

Pharaoh bargains (8:28), but is hardened (8:32)

5. Livestock diseased (9:6)

Apis

Pharaoh hardened (9:7)

6. Boils (9:10)

Sekhmet

Pharaoh hardened (9:12)

7. Hail (9:23)

Geb

Pharaoh begs relief (9:27), promises freedom

(9:28), but is hardened (9:35)

8. Locusts (10:13)

Serapis

Pharaoh bargains (10:11), begs relief (10:17),

but is hardened (10:20)

9. Darkness (10:22)

Ra

Pharaoh bargains (10:24), but is hardened (10:27)

10. Death of firstborn (12:29)

Pharaoh and Egyptians beg Israel to leave

Egypt (12:31–33)

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